From fines to prison sentences for companies that do not comply with the regulation to validate the identity of their clients.
In 2016, a scandal was revealed with the information provided by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists in the case known as Panama Papers. Entrepreneurs from all over the world hired the Mossack Fonseca firm, dedicated to founding companies in tax havens where the payment of taxes is low or zero and hid the identity of its clients.
One of the most widely discussed issues after that incident was the need to strengthen KYC policies around the world to prevent illegal activities and impose more severe legal sanctions on companies that do not comply with them. In this sense, Mexico has made regulations increasingly rigid; banks, exchange houses, brokerage houses, sellers of expensive goods such as jewelery, cars, art and many other companies, are obliged to validate the identity of their clients.
Why do Mexican laws require you to validate the identity of your clients?
Money laundering, tax evasion and fraud have become serious problems for our economy. In the past, some people took advantage of the fact that banks were not obliged to reveal their clients’ information to the authorities, to carry out these crimes, sometimes related to other much more serious ones such as financing criminal activities or drug trafficking. .
Currently, there are laws that deal with this aspect, for example, the one known as the Anti-Money Laundering Law, which obliges banks to report any suspicious activity of users.
Another problem has to do with the rapid growth of digital services, which has resulted in an alarming increase in crimes related to identity theft. According to CONDUSEF, in 2011 cyber frauds represented 8% of the total and by 2018 they grew to 59%. To stop this problem, Mexican regulation obliges financial institutions and other companies to validate the identity of their clients.
What laws provide for identity validation in Mexico?
Our country has a solid regulation; in 2012, the Federal Law for the Prevention and Identification of Operations with Resources of Illicit Origin (LPIORPI) was enacted; where banks are obliged not only to validate the identity of their clients, but also to automotive agencies, jewelers, notaries public, art sellers, real estate agents, among other companies.
In response to the accelerated digital transformation process, the Fintech Law (Law to Regulate Financial Technology Institutions) was enacted in 2018, which regulates companies that develop new business models through digital means to provide financial services. For example, when you decide to use the services of a 100% digital bank that does not have physical branches, it must carry out an identity validation process.
Another provision is the one made by the National Banking and Securities Commission, who issued the General Provisions Applicable to Credit Institutions, where obligations for institutions such as Banobras, Banjercito, commercial banks, savings companies, among others, are contemplated. that forces them to establish identity validation policies with their clients, for example, commercial banks must establish identification parameters with biometrics to open accounts and thus prevent identity theft.
What penalties are applied if identity validation is not met?
Companies bound by the LPIORPI that do not comply with the duty to validate the identity of their clients, must pay a fine that ranges between 200 and 2000 UMA (from 16,898.00 to 168,980.00 pesos in 2020).
In the case of companies that provide financial services through digital means, that is, those regulated by the Fintech Law, which do not comply with their identity validation obligations, they must pay a fine that can range from ten to one hundred thousand times the value of the UMA (between 868.00 and 8,688,000.00 pesos in 2020)
When companies do not properly implement KYC policies, some of their employees or managers may be associated with serious crimes, such as operations with resources of illicit origin, which carries a penalty of 5 to 15 years in prison or financing of terrorism, the penalty of which ranges from 15 to 40 years in prison.
Avoid any type of sanction
The options provided by the Mexican regulation regarding the validation of are severe; We know that complying with legal requirements can be overwhelming. However, Tu Identidad helps you to carry it out easily, and accompanies you in the process from start to finish, putting different modules at your service:
- Official ID
- Fingerprint biometrics
- Proof of address with geolocation
- Digital signature
- Background check
Validating the identity of your clients will not only allow you to comply with regulations and avoid sanctions, but it will help you mitigate fraud and develop new business opportunities to continue growing in the digital world.
If you want to know more about our services, contact us and book a demo!